Emergency Medical Systems
What Does EMS Mean?
EMS stands for Emergency Medical Service. An EMS provides pre-hospital medical care and transportation to a hospital for definitive care. This medical care may be for medical illnesses or for injuries and is intended to be for cases of an acute medical emergency.
What is an EMS?
An EMS consists of the staff, equipment, and vehicles needed to provide the emergency care to a community. Many EMS are part of a municipal fire department. Some communties contract with a private for-profit ambulance company. Other areas may be serviced by a non-profit and/or volunteer agencies. The staff consists of a number of trained Emergency Medical Technicians (EMTs)
What is ALS?
ALS or "Advanced Life Support" is a level of care above BLS, or "Basic Life Support." Paramedics can intubate patients, perform 12 lead EKGs, and administer many medications.
What is an EMT?
EMT stands for Emergency Medical Technician. An EMT is a medical health care professional that has been trained to respond quickly to emergency situations regarding medical issues, traumatic injuries and accident scenes. In the most critical cases the EMT is expected to assess one or more patients, identify the type of injury or illness, and begin treatment immediately. There are multiple levels of certification for EMTs. An EMT Basic receives about 150 hours of instruction, while becoming an EMT Paramedic (or just "medic") requires over 1,200 hours of intense education and lab practice. Consequently, a medic has the ability to perform more medical treatments and administer many more medications than an EMT Basic
What kind of emergencies does an EMT respond to?
EMT training focuses on the most severe types of emergencies. This includes heart attacks and cardiac arrests, strokes, breathing emergencies, severe bleeding and shock, and "Multi System Trauma" that may result from a car accident or a fall from a height.